Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 341


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General information

3 frontend papers
3 backend papers
LanguageLanguage object (3)
Approx. date1300 to 1400
Date notesMicha 1960, 163; Stones
Place(s) of productionEngland or Northern France
Stones ('North France or England'); JONAS ('England')
First words of second recto foliote lost pour encombret le roy Bans
First words of last recto foliotrop deviore . lors sont a la damoisele
Incipit[f. 1ra] EN la mar / che de gaule / et de la petite / bretaigne . / auoit ancie(n) / neme(n)t .ii. rois / qui estoient / f(re)re germain / (et) auoient .ii. / seurs g(er)mai / nes a fe(m)mes  
Explicit[f. 175ra] Ensi sen uet saigremor la uoie / a londres . mes de lui ne de sa co(m)pai / gne ne parole ci plus li contes encorz re / torne a lancelot (et) mo(n) seignor yuain qui / dautre part tienne(n)t lor uoie (et) uont la ou / il ne seuent .


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Medium quality vellum, with stitches (f. 25, f. 30, f. 43, f. 51, f. 94, f. 107, f. 113, f. 134, f. 135, f. 159) and some holes (small, f. 129, f. 143, f. 153, all lower margin, f. 145, f, 162, right margin)but never in the writing space. In fair condition, some damage at the edges of the first and final quire.




Quire structure:Regular quinions, up to f. 160, then quaternion (161-168), then sexternion with added leaf.
Quire marks:
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (10)

Physical description

General description:Catchwords sometimes in frames with masks (human faces, f. 120v) f. 87v left blank for no apparent reason.
General illustration:
General decoration:The text is structured by means of pen-decorated initials (alternatingly red and blue), throughout the manuscript special flourishes with vine or heart-shaped leafs (red and blue contrasting with the colour of the initial, e.g. f. 38v.39r, 63r, 97v, 106v, 114r, 117v, 126r, 137r, f. 154r). Special initial I at f. 112v, f. 124r. Paragraphs are marked by paragraph signs (alternatingly red and blue) which also mark text overrun.
Evidence of readership:f. 1r, upper margin, old shelfmarks 720, 373, 6962; right margin (17th/18th c?): 'Des liures de N. Moreau sr dauteuil / tresorier de france a paris / a lami son coeur' f. 25r, upper margin, cursive hand: Roy ban de benoic fut pere de lancelot du lac. f. 60r. upper margin, cursive hand: effaced f. 85r, upper margin, cursive hand (different): Atouz ?Jehan? un salut f. 107v, left margin (annotation Meschinot) f. 135r, right margin, scribbles f. 174r, manicula pointing towards 'Et dautre part mi sire yvains ne rest / mie au desso . q(ue) il uait encore assez a / lanime et force f. 175r, under column a: cursive hand 'explicit [pertinet?] si q(ui)s inveni?a?t / [amore] dei sibi reddat' in the open space provided for column b, Jhn [...] / [...] la haye Jehanne dupier? f. 175v, full of annotations 'Quelque foiz / de fontenailles' 'Pierre de laual' 'le quart jour de Juign lan mil iiiic l(x)xv / vint monsr. de montassilant a la bretaiche Paper flyleaf 1, modern hand, text in Latin numbers in the margins (black ink, modern), next to some of the initials.
Foliations description:Modern foliation in arabic numerals in the top right corner of the recto of the folio.

Mise en page

Description 1
Page sampled104r
Page dimensions418x288 (mm)
Justification317x200 (mm)
18mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
RubricationUsed for initials and to highlight majuscules.
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom 1ra to 175ra
Date1300 to 1400
Scribe description:Very regular Northern textualis (rotundus) with two-compartment box-'a'; exclusive use of uncial 'd'; 8-shaped 'g'; 'i' marked with diacritic hairline, sometimes shaped as a flourish; exclusive use of round 's' in final position; round 'r' after uncial 'd', 'o' and 'p'; 3-shaped 'z' 9 for -'us' abbreviation; horizontal stroke for 'que' and a combination with nasal consonant; superscript letters; crossed Tironian -'et', 'p' with crossed descender (often just a horizontal stroke at the end of the descender 'st'-ligature punctus and punctus elevatus. Peculiar is the use of 3 dots in vertical position (as a question mark?)


DescriptionThe name appears on the verso side of the final folio. The name 'Laval' appears multiple times on this folio. Possibly Pierre de Laval, archbishop of Reims and son of Guy XIV de Laval and Isabelle de Bretagne. Alternatively, Pierre de Laval-Montmorency.
Datec. 1475 to 1500
PlacePlace object (1)
OwnershipPerson object (22)