Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 12586

[Part 1]

» Full parent manuscript detail

General information

Folio notes:After f. 18, the scribe of the 14th c. part of the manuscript has added an additional folio with the end of the Thebes section, The verso side of this folio has been left blank. Possibly the final page of the thirteenth-century manuscript was lost. Otherwise, it may have been part of a larger manuscript, also containing other sections of the 'Histoire ancienne'. The fourteenth-century folio was added in to provide the Thebes section with an appropriate ending, which could be followed by the Troie part of the narrative. In this view, the manuscript in its current state is the result of a fourteenth-century project aiming to provide a secular history of Orient, Thebes and Troy.
LanguageLanguage object (44)
Approx. date?1275 to 1300
Date notesBased on the hand. Two-compartment 'a' the upper compartment of which is closed. Straight and round 's' in final position. Jung 1996, 348 has end of the thirteenth century.
Place(s) of productionNorthern France
Based on linguistic characteristics. Possibly Wallonia.
First words of second recto folio[f. 2ra] ore come(n)cerai a parler des lingniees . /
First words of last recto folio[f. 19ra] tost arse . ains mistrent m(ou)lt les g(ra)ns tours /
Incipit[f. 1ra] Del roi Nynus q(?ara?)ns anz il regna . / D euant ce que Rome / fust fondee ne (com)me(n)chie / ne estoree .m. (et) .ccc. a(n)s / fu li rois Ninus (et) por / ta permiers armes / pour la couuoitise de / (con)querre honeur terriene (et) signourie .
Explicit[f. 18vb] toute sa cheualerie . la ot g(ra)nt ochisio(n) / fete de ceus dedens (et) dautre gent / menue (et) la fu li rois creon ocis deua(n)t / le roi adrastus (et) li dux fist par tou / te la uile bouter le feu qui ne fu mie /


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Medium quality vellum. In good condition. Some stains (e.g. f. 2-5). Lower corner of f. 16 torn.



1-28 (ff. 1-16)32 (ff. 17-18)

Quire structure:Two quaternions and one bifolium (ff. 17-18). After f. 18, the scribe of the 14th c. part of the manuscript has added an additional folio with the conclusion of the Thebes section, the verso side of which has been left blank.
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (21)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (12)

Physical description

General description:f. 1-4ra: Section II (Orient I); f. 4ra to 19rb: Section III (Thebes).
General illustration:No illustration. Possibly, on f. 4ra, a blank space has been left for a single column drawing (height: 9 lines) at the beginning of the Thebes-section. Otherwise, too much room was left for the rubricated heading.
General decoration:The manuscript opens with a large pen-flourished initial 'D' (height: 6 lines) decorated with flourishings ending in small flowers. A similar, but smaller red initial (height: 3 lines) occurs at f. 4ra, at the opening of the Thebes-section. Smaller subdivisions of the text are marked by pen-decorated initials of two lines, alternating between blue and red, with flourishings in the contrasting colour. These flourishings also have the characteristic little flowers at the end. Generally, these initials are preceded with a heading in red ink. In the text, letters have been highlighted with a dash of rubric. Line-filling devices in red ink.
Evidence of readership:None. On the verso of the second flyleaf at the front 'aquis le 6e juin 1755'.
Foliations description:Modern foliation in arabic numerals in the upper right corner of the recto.

Mise en page

Description 1
Page sampledf. 2r
Page dimensions272x185 (mm)
Justification225x145 (mm)
5mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (6) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (6) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
RubricationRed ink is used for decorated initials, rubricated headings and line filling devices.
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom f. 1ra to f. 18vb
Date?1275 to 1300
Scribe description:Northern textualis with double-compartment 'a' the upper compartment of which is closed (double-lobe or belly 'a'). The ascenders of 'b','h','k','l' are clubbed or forked, round 'd' with short ascender. Tongued 'e' in final position. No use of 'i'-longa. Diacritic on 'i' in all positions. Straight and round 's' in final position. Use of 'v' in initial position and numerals. Diacritic on 'y'. Abbreviations include crossed 'z'-like tironian note, superscript vowels, 'com'- and -'us' abbreviations, nasal bar. Biting of 'or'. Word-separation marked with dash.