Venice, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, francese Z XI

Parte del Romanzo di Lancelloto in prosa (title on the first guardleaf at the front)

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General information

LanguageLanguage object (48)
Approx. date1275 to 1300
Date notesBisson 2008, 45; 1310-1320 according to Degenhart-Schmitt 1968, pp. 237-39, n. 685 and end of the 13th c. according to Perriccioli Saggese 1979, p. 97 n. 11. Cf. also Delcorno Branca 1998, 23.
Place(s) of productionGenoa-Pisa
Genoa according to Avril-Gousset 1984, 25. Naples according to Degenhart-Schmitt 1968, pp. 237-39, n. 685. Cf. also Delcorno Branca 1998, 23 and Cigni 1993 and 2000 who suggests the idea of Pisan prisoners working as copyists in the Genoa area after the Battle of Meloria (1284).
First words of second recto folio[f. 2ra] palais uier et enuoisier as autres chevaliers /
First words of last recto folio[f. 74ra] enchaitiuite (et) enordure (et) /
Incipit[f. 1ra] enions (et) tref por herbergier / sagent dont il auoit grant pl / antee . Et li rois bandemaguz / ot fait desarmer lanc. (et) despo / illier tos nus si lorent couch / ie si malade quil cuidoient bi / en quil semoreust .
Explicit[f. 74va] dont ie men merueill plus / (et) si endesir m(ou)lt asauoir lauer / ite . ie le uos dirai fait li p(ro)ud / ome tot ensi con ge aeste qe / ie lesai bien (et) sachies que ce / s[t]e une des plus biaus mir / acles que ie onques ueise ja Under it, the profile of two men has been sketched and, on the right, another hand copied this same explicit:  dont ie men meruill plus / (et) si endesir m(ou)lt asauoir lauer / ite . ie le uoss dirai /fait li prodomo tot / enssi cho(m) ge aeste / que ge le sai bien e / sachies che cest e / [...]n des plus biaus / mirachles que onque ss ueisse

Related MS

Cf. Bisson 2008, 38-39 and 46. Cf. in partic. the illustration at f. IIIv with Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, francese Z IX f. Iv.
RelationshipType object (2)Manuscript object (144)
Manuscript object (390)


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:In good condition. Medium quality vellum, thick but carefully polished, with holes and tears usually external to the writing space. Some of the pages are rigid and darker especially on the skin side. Occasional holes by woodworms, part. on the vellum flyleaves.



1-8 (ff. 1-64), 96 (ff. 65-70), 105 (ff.70-74 + I)

Quire structure:8 quaternions + 2 ternions (the last one lost one folio), cf. Bisson 2008, 45 (who has 75 for the first guardleaf at the back and considers it as being part of the last quire).
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (54)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (9)

Physical description

No. of illustrations:20
General illustration:Images develop across the page, in most cases interrupting the two columns and consist of drawings in pencil coloured in blue-green, red, orange, pink, gold and silver. The use of colours does not cover the whole surface, but highlights a few elements, especially armours, clothing and the few elements of the landscape, trees or building, while the background is usually left blank. This is a typical feature of a group of MSS studied by Toesca, Loomis-Loomis, Perriccioli Saggese, Avril-Gousset (see esp. Cigni 1993). For a list of the images in this MS, see Bisson 2008, 46-7. In some instances it is possible to read the instructions for the illustrator (cf. Benedetti 1990): f. 2r "una reina [...]"; f. 4r "uno reio (et) ch(eualie)r a taula"; f. 6r "uno reio (et) M(ou)lt ch(eualie)rs armati (et) uno ch(eualie)r denansi loreio", etc.
General decoration:One framed decorated initial (f. 40vb, 8 ll. high), pink on blue-green ground with floral motifs. Small chapter initials (3 ll. high), alternatively red and blue. It is mainly on the basis of the pen-work that Avril - Gousset 1984, 25-26 suggested to locate the MS in Genoa. Cf also Cigni 1993, part. pp. 426-7.
Evidence of readership:Marginal corrections, e.g. f. 13r.
Foliations description:19th c. foliation, in arabic numerals, in the upper right corner of the recto.

Mise en page

Description 1
Page sampledf. 13r
LayoutMSLayout object (3)
Page dimensions311x210 (mm)
Justification185x128 (mm)
12 mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
RubricationNo rubricated tituli.
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (1)
Folio rangeFrom f. 1ra to f. 74va
Date1275 to 1300
Scribe description: