Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 1407

[Part 1]

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General information

Folio notes:Many folios have been badly damaged and have been restored throughout the ages (some of them with scraps of paper from a printed volume). Many folios, especially at the beginning of the manuscript have been lost. The manuscript is incomplete at the end.
LanguageLanguage object (3)
Approx. date?1470 to 1500
Date notesBased on the decoration, illustration (f. 1r) and script.
Place(s) of productionNorthern France
Based on the border decoration (f. 1r). The manuscript appears to have been in Rouen at some point.
First words of second recto folio[f. 2r] lux et sa compagnie Et fure(n)t ceulx quj [...] [NB. Two folios (VIII and IX) have been lost between the beginning of the text and the current second folio]
First words of last recto folio[f. 168r] quj deuoit estre [...] [NB. folios have been lost at the end of the manuscript. This is not the original last recto folio]
Incipit[f. 1r] [The rubricated titulus has been erased. Probably it started 'Cy co(m)mence etc.'] Quant dieu eust fait le ciel la terre les eaues / doulces et salees Le solail la l?u?ne et les estoilles / Et il eust achacun commande selon son ordre / que le solail luy fist et enluminast par sa gra(n)de / clarte tout le monde La lune et les estoilles / rendissent clarte alanuit quj estoit tene / breuse et noire Il fist les oyseaulx en lair /
Explicit[f. 168v]THIDEUS quj estoit hardy du cueur et de couraige / et de paroles saige [...] [...] Thideus quj lamait / degrant amours luy dist beaulx doulx amis / vous [...] Car bie(n) frere est ?frex? . et or eust


Material:Material object (14)
Watermark:Good examples at f. 11-15-17. This watermark, letter 'P' with forked shaft and a four-leafed clover on top (height: 80 mm; width 16 mm; distance between chainlines 38 mm) resembles but is not identical to the numbers 112017 and 112029 in the Piccard database. These watermarks are dated to the 1460s and appear in paper used in Arnhem and Ensisheim. Similar motifs appear to have been very popular in Germany in the 1480s.
Condition:The first quire (originally consisting of twelve folios) is made up of vellum. The rest of the manuscript consists of paper. Many of the folios have been severely damaged and repaired to various degrees of success. Not taking into account the portion of text lost at the end of the manuscript, approximately thirty folios have been lost. Six folios before the beginning, some eleven folios in the first four quires and almost the entire quire 'G' (f. IIII(XX)IIII to IIII(XX)XIIII).


Quire structure:Difficult to establish. The first quire appears to have consisted of twelve folios. Going on the quire marks (marked A to R), many of the other quires seem to have consisted of the same number of folios (no folios lost). 1-12 (A) 13-24 B 25-36 (C) 37-48 (D) 49-60 E 61-82(72) F 83- 93 (G) 94- 105 H 106-117 I 119-130 K 131- 142 L 143-153 (skipped 150) M 154-164 N 165-177 (skipped 169?) O 178-187 P 188-200 (skipped 189) Q 201- 209 R
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (53)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (12)

Physical description

General description:Genesis: f. 1r to 141r Orient I: f. 142v to 151v Thebes: f. 152r to 168v f. 149v: Comment Dardanus fist la / premiere semence de troie / CY EST LE COMMENCHEMENT DE TROIE f. 151v: cy co(m)menche la destructio(n) / de troie f. 152r: CI COMMENCHE LA DEST[R]UCTIO(N) DE TROIE (beginning of the Thebes section).
No. of illustrations:1
General illustration:The manuscript opens with a frontispiece consisting of a rubricated titulus (largely erased) beginning with a blue foliate initial on a field of goldleaf (height: 2 lines). The actual text begins with a similar initial (height: 3 lines). In the bas-de-page, a scene depicts how Eve is tempted by the snake, crawled up in the Tree of Knowledge. Adam watches the scene fearfully from the right. The page is decorated with a full border, made up of blue and pink acanthus leaves, cornflowers and roses or poppies.
General decoration:The remainder of the manuscript is much more simple. Paragraphs open with a plain initial (height: 1 lines). In the first quire made up of vellum, these initials are blue. In the following paper quires they are red. Most paragraphs are introduced by a rubricated titulus. However, in some cases space has been left for tituli (e.g. f. 4, f. 5) which have not been completed. Litterae notabilores have been highlighted in the text with yellow ink.
Evidence of readership:Scribbles or annotations appear on almost every page of the manuscript, going from alphabets (e.g. f. 144r), calculations (e.g. f. 3, f. 65r, f. 68v, f. 16r, f. 39v, f. 74r), copies of tituli (e.g. f. 77r, f. 79r, f. 81r, f. 117r), added tituli (f. 67r), to crude drawings (e.g. f. 79v, f. 105v, f. 106r, f. 111v, f. 166r, f. 167r, f. 168r). Some interesting annotations may be found on the following folios: f. 9r: 'Ce liure apartient a maistre ?de Sallez? (16th c.?) f. 21r: 'de?uoy? promes payer a Milchel le normand / ce present liuure apartien a milchel le normand / marchand demourant arouuent? cou?n?oy esconfesse (16th c.) f. 44: [...] de Salle A f. 50r: 'sollez' f. 70r: Recu par moy roger langloy f. 70v: Recue par m[...] / pasqude f. 74r: ?r?eceu p(ar) moy jehan f. 85r: Recu par [...] Recu p(ar) moy ?mi...? Receu p(ar) moy a f. 89r: Receu p(ar) moy jehan du mon(s) [...] f. 91r: Nicolao coullo baiss[...] / de?fam? / ?uncien? f. 98r: receu p(ar) moy f. 111v: louy par la grace de duc f. 120r: recou p(ar) moy thoma[...] f. 122v; f. 123r; f. 123v; f. 124r: Romma[ma]in caramme f. 128r: ce present liure a partient a ?Jo?sse de la / barette marchand demourant a [?fleur?]on / [...] esconfesse [...] f. 130r: recou par moy f. 144v: 'Receu par moy Pasqual' f. 148v: 'Recu par moy Jehan [...] du mont pasqu[...]' f. 149r: 'Ce lyure appartyent a tassin Langlois Boureyer / Demourant au pres Saincs Jeha(n) de Rouen deuant / La Pomme de Pyn quy le trouuera sy le raporte es ?jhe r[ale.] / (par) moy faict tout rout ?B?oudin' f. 152r: Recu par moy nicoulas de f. 164r: Recu par moy michel huie
Foliations description:The oldest (contemporary) foliation is noted in roman numerals in the upper margin of the recto (sometimes also verso), centered or in the outer corner. This foliation runs from f. VII to f. II(C) IX. This foliation shows that many folios have been lost (e.g. f. VIII, f. IX, XIII, XIV, XV, XVIII, XIX, XXIII, XXIV, XXVII, XLIII, IIII(XX)IIII to IIII(XX)XIII). The foliation jumps from LXIX to IIII(XX). Other, modern foliations in the lower outer corner of the recto (1-166), and three foliations in the upper outer corner of the recto one of which runs to 124. The correct one, however, is noted in red ink and runs to 168.

Mise en page

Description 1
Page sampledf. 28r
LayoutMSLayout object (3)
Page dimensions270x194 (mm)
Justification177x106 (mm)
0mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (5) (RulingMaterials object (1) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (5) (RulingMaterials object (1) )
RubricationUsed for plain initials, simple line-filling devices and rubricated tituli.
Writing above top line?True
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (5)
ScriptScript object (12)
Folio rangeFrom f. 1r to f. 168v
Date1450 to 1500
Scribe description:Littera hybrida, some display script (litterae notabiliores) for the first word of the paragraph or rubricated titles.