Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 12567

[Part 1]

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General information

LanguageLanguage object (57)
Approx. datec. 1350
Date notesBased on the script: two-compartment 'a' with closed upper compartment (double-bow 'a'), round 's' in final position
Place(s) of productionSouthern France
Based on the script and some linguistic features (e.g. f. 1r: 'vuielh' f. 8v: 'meilheur'; 'conseilh'; f. 205v: spelling 'aymenidus').
First words of second recto folio[f. 3r] M  es il naloient mie enguise de bergiers /
First words of last recto folio[f. 205r] M(ou)lt richement afaire du(n) m(ou)lt tres bon ouurier /
Incipit[f. 2r] DEuant les murs de tyr / La dedens en lamer / Le roy de macedoine / fist .i. chastel fermer / m(ou)lt fu riche latour / sot entour maint piler / L  a facon du chastel ne vuielh deuiser / D  e la porte ?ni?arage afet le pas garder /
Explicit[f. 205v] C  o(m)me li rois le prist assist (et) acorda / I co(m) aymenidus sa niece maria / A  u ioeune gadifer q(ua)nt ali sacorda / C  i fenissent les ueus bien ait qui les lira // C  i fenissent li fuerre de gadres / (et)  les veus du paon / (et) le restor tout par ordre / L  aus tibi sit (christe) q(ue)m liber explicit iste . //


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Good to medium quality vellum, with some holes (f. 7, f. 58, f. 101, f. 131, f. 141, f. 143) and instances in which the edges of the skin and those of the leaf coincide (f. 66, f. 93, f. 117, f. 140, f. 147, f. 168, f. 171). In good condition.



1-48 57 6-178 185 198 209 21-228 23-256 268 274

Quire structure:The majority of the quires in the manuscript are regular quaternions. However, quires 5 (f. 34 to f.40, stub between f. 37 and f. 38) , 18 (f. 137 to f. 141, stub between f. 139 and f. 140) and 20 (f. 150 to f. 158, stub between f. 152 and f. 153) are irregular quires of seven, five and nine folios. The folios between f. 175 and f. 192 are divided in three ternions. The final quire 27 is a binion.
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (21)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (10)

Physical description

General description:f. 2r to f. 60r: 'Fuerre de Gadres' f. 60v to f. 193v 'Voeux du Paon' f. 194r to 205v 'Restor du Paon' 193v. Second half of the folio left blank. Restor starts f. 194 at the top of the folio with larger plain initial (height: 3 lines).
No. of illustrations:4
General illustration:The manuscript opens with a frontispiece consisting of a miniature (height: 15 lines) framed in a border of red and green bars decorated with white flourishings. A fine, yellow border surrounds this frame. The image represents the siege of a city (Tyre), represented by two towers (pink and blue) by a group of mounted knights among whom the king (Alexander). The drawings are crude. The background is green and brownish red. The miniature is followed by a rubricated titulus ' Ci (com)mence le fuerre de Gadres and a large pen-decorated puzzle initial (height: 6 lines). A similar frontispiece occurs at f. 60v at the opening of the 'Voeux du Paon'. The miniature, with orange background, represents the meeting between Alexander and Cassamus. At f. 121r, a small miniature (height: 6 lines) represents the banquet of the peacock. The miniature is preceded by a rubricated caption 'C i deuise (com)ment les gens qui sieent atable / Veuent aupaon que une pucele porte'. The miniature is followed by a regular plain initial in red ink. Small miniature (height: 10 lines) at f. 168v 'C i deuise (com)ment gadifer coupa la perche'. ('A leure que la perche com ot en haut leuee / fu cheue par terre [etc.]). Mask decoration in the majuscule column (e.g. f. 4v). The letters in the majuscule column are highlighted individually with red ink.
General decoration:Each laisse starts with a plain red initial (height: 2 lines). The letters in the majuscule column are highlighted individually with red ink. At f. 194r, the 'Restor du Paon' starts with a larger red initial (height: 3 lines).
Evidence of readership:f. 2r: old shelfmarks '7331.3' and '?Desponty? 2647' f. 5v: drawing of female head in the lower margin f. 6r: drawing of crest (helmet with crown and deer head) in the lower margin f. 68v: drawing of flowers in the margin f. 69r: drawing of flower in the margin f. 72v: drawing of deer head in the outer margin. In the lower margin: copy of the catchwords. Annotation on the final flyleaf (recto) Amajyr?siu.?|
Foliations description:Modern foliation in the upper right corner of the recto. The paper guardleaf is also foliated.

Mise en page

Description 1Separate column for the majuscule letters at the beginning of the verseline. Horizontal thoughlines at the top and bottom of the justification.
Page sampledf. 5r
Page dimensions263x189 (mm)
Justification188x116 (mm)
nonemm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
RubricationRed ink is used for rubricated tituli (f. 2r), initials and to highlight the letters in the majuscule column at the beginning of the verseline.
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (1)
Folio rangeFrom to
Datec. 1350
Scribe description:Southern textualis, broad and round script, with praescissus features (especially for the straight 's' and some instances of 'm'). Two-compartmeny 'a' with closed upper compartment (double-bow 'a'); some instances in which the upper lobe is not closed. The ascender of 'd' is short and almost horizontal. The limb of 'h' and the endstroke of 'z' curving below the baseline may be Northern characteristics. Round 's' in final position. Unusual fusions ('ba', 'da', 'pa'). Abbreviations include 's'-like apostrophe, superscript vowels, 'com'-abbreviation, -'us' abbreviation. short and fat nasal mark, 7-like tironian 'et' crossed with a very fine hairline; 'p' with a bow to the left of its descender; 'p' with crossed descender.