London, British Library, Harley 4482

[Part 1]

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General information

Folio notes:na
LanguageLanguage object (44)
Approx. datec. 1300
Date notesThe script, a littera textualis with double-compartment 'a', the upper compartment of which can be open or closed and both straight and round 's' in final position suggests a date towards the end of the thirteenth or the beginning of the fourteenth century.
Place(s) of productionAmiens
Stones 2013, 61. Illustrated by an artist of the Amiens 157-group.
First words of second recto folio[f. 2ra] P(ar)  engien (et) par traison /
First words of last recto folio[f. 188ra] Not en nule lieu /
Incipit[f. 1ra] S alemons / nous en / saigne (et) dit / Si le trou / uons en / son escrit / q(ue) nus ne / doit son / sens celer / Ancois le / doit si de / mostrer /
Explicit[f. 188ra] C i ferons fin b(ie)n est mesure / auq(ue)s tient n(os)tre liure [et] dure  / C  eq(ue) dit daires (et) dithis / L auois ici ret(ra)it (et) mis / Q (ue) cil plaisoit au ieugleor / Q(ui) de ce sont encuseor  / Q(ua) utres ont faut (et) rep(re)nant / (et) en tout b(ie)n sont anuiant / Neq(ue) ia mis naura honor / Q(ui) luen aient ire (et) dolor / I  cil se portoit m(ou)lt b(ie)n tair[.] / Q(ui)  lueure blame (et) loit ret[...] / Q(ui)  tex i vodroit afaitier / Q(ui)  tost iporroit empirie[...] / 


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Fair quality vellum. Some stitches (e.g. f. 29v, f. 134). The first folios are worn. Folios f. 36v and 37r are stained by a spill of liquid. The last two folios are damaged. Folio 187 has been trimmed in the lower margin; f. 188 torn. The b-column presumably had some text and a littera notabilior 'E' (of 'Explicit?) is still visible in what remains of the column.



1-238(ff.1-184); 244(ff. 185-188).

Quire structure:The manuscript is made up of 23 complete quaternions.The final quire, which has been restored is now bound as a binion, but possibly folios were lost at the end.
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (30)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (17)

Physical description

General description:L1 Segm 1: present 60va-63rb Segm 2: present 68rb-68va Segm 3: absent Segm 4: present 91vb-93va Segm 5: absent Segm 6: present: f. 188ra
No. of illustrations:15
General illustration:The manuscript opens with a historiated initial (height: 12 lines), representing the author at work. The blue initial 'S' is painted on a red field, framed with goldleaf. The background of the letter is gilt. The initial extends into a frame of red and blue bars, decorated with goldleaf and leafed tendrils of vine, at the end decorated with a gilt frame. The lower margin is inhabited by a bird, hare and dog. Major subdivision of the text are marked by smaller historiated initials (height: 4 to 8 lines), with similar decoration and tendrils extending into the margins. These initials mark the beginning of Jason's quest for the Golden Fleece (f. 5rb), the siege of Troy by Hercules (f. 14va), the departure for Troy (f. 26va), Greek assembly at Athens (f. 35vb), Achilles fighting a king (f. 41va), Hector fighting Patroclos (f. 52vb), assembly before Agamemnon (f. 69rb), a battle scene, including king Orcomenis (f. 76ra), battle between Greeks and Trojans (f. 95ra), the burial of Hector (f. 109rb), the thirteenth battle (f. 119va), battle scene (f. 140ra), a fallen king before the city (f. 151rb) and the Greeks sailing away from Troy (f. 161ra).
General decoration:The text is further structured by means of pen-decorated initials (height: 2 lines), alternating between red and blue, with flourishings in the contrasting colour.
Evidence of readership:f. 140v-141r: probatio pennae in the margins: letters 'm, 'n', 'lumen'. f. 166v: annotation in upper corner: 'g/quiot' f. 186v: annotation in upper margin: ?Je? hanry [.]e I d. a iehanne de ?s/f?on?ty?
Foliations description:Modern foliation in arabic numerals in the upper right corner of the recto.

Mise en page

Description 1Prickings visible in the upper and lower margins.
Page sampledf. 162r
LayoutMSLayout object (4)
Page dimensions268x175 (mm)
Justification180x110 (mm)
5mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
RubricationRed ink is only used for decorated initials.
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom 1ra to 188ra
Datec. 1300
Scribe description:Northern textualis with double compartment 'a', the upper compartment of which is usually open. Tongued 'e' in final position. Diacritic on 'i' in minim-group. Use of 'i'-longa in initial position. Ascenders of 'b' and 'l' forked at the top. Use of straight and round 's' in final position with a distinct preference for the straight form. The limb of 'h' extends below the baseline and curves to the right. Use of 'v' and 'w' (for 'vu') in initial position. 3-like 'z'. Many abbreviations, including 's'-like apostrophe, nasal bar, 'p' with crossed descender, crossed tironian note, superscript vowels, 'com'- and '-us' abbreviation. Biting of 'o' and round 'r'.