Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Rare Book & Manuscript Library, 933

[Part 1]

» Full parent manuscript detail

General information

Folio notes:Bifolium fragment of the 'Roman de Troie'.
LanguageLanguage object (46)
Approx. date?1275 to 1325
Date notes'della fine del sec. XIII o del principio del XIV' (Pellegrini 1928, 515; cf. Jung 1996, 328); 'ca. 1300' (Zacour & Hirsch 1965, 58). The lack of round 's' might point to the earlier part of this date range.
Place(s) of productionFrance
Copied by a French scribe (Pellegrini 1928, 515; cf. Jung 1996, 328). The diphthong 'oi' (in 'poine', 'soloil', etc.), the ending '-oiz', parasitic 'i' (in 'apeilez'), and lowering of 'e' to 'a' (in 'faront') might point to the east of the oïl zone, or to Champagne.
First words of second recto folio
First words of last recto folio
Incipit[f. 1ra] M  e??so??r me couendra retrere / A  nc??ois?? q(ue) ie trepas auant / P  (ar) bíauz moz (et) per auenanz
Explicit[f. 2vb] (et)  ta(n)t (com) uos plus ata(n)??drois?? / P  lus granz domage uos f??e??roiz /


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Wear, small holes and faded ink occasionally render the text illegible, especially on f. 2v.




Quire structure:The fragment must once have formed the central bifolium of a quire.
Quire marks:
Catchword disposition:

Physical description

General illustration:Space was left on f. 2ra (height: 12 lines), perhaps for a miniature that was never added. Jung suggests the location would have been highly unsual (1996, 328).
General decoration:Small pen-flourished initials (height: 2 lines) alternate red and blue, with decoration in the contrasting colour.
Evidence of readership:
Foliations description:Modern pencil foliation in the lower right-hand corner of recto sides.

Mise en page

Description 1Source: Jung 1996, 328.
Page sampled
LayoutMSLayout object (4)
Page dimensions290x205 (mm)
Justification240x150 (mm)
mm between columns
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom 1ra to 2vb
Date?1275 to 1325
Scribe description:A small, rather irregular textualis that displays the following traits: two-compartment 'a' (upper bow closed), often taller than other small letters; short ascenders; 8-shaped 'g'; 'j' sometimes occurs in initial position; tall 's' in all positions; both 'u' and open 'v' in initial position; dotted 'y'; abundant use of 3-shaped 'z'. The numerous abbreviations include nasal bars, superscript vowels, p(ro), s(on)t, (us), (con), m(er), and crossed tironian 'et'.