Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 1420

[Troie extracts]

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General information

Folio notes:The final two folios of a volume that otherwise contains Chrétien's 'Erec' and 'Cligès'. The second (f. 59) is the width of a single column.
LanguageLanguage object (47)
Approx. date?1225 to 1275
Date notes'milieu du XIIIe siècle' (Jung 1996, 323). Perhaps the later part of this period (on palaeographical grounds).
Place(s) of productionEngland
'l'ouvrage d'un copiste anglo-normand' (Lodge 1980, 64).
First words of second recto folio
First words of last recto folio
Incipit[f. 58ra] A  dunt i auínt achilles / E  si sachez q(ue) pesant fes / C  harga a ceus de mantenant / L  a suit un fereíz si grant / Q(ue)  n ne parot ja mes de tel / D  e si crual ne de si mortel
Explicit[f. 59r] D  es riches dus ne des meígnes / D  es ammíraus ne des cheueteignes / D  unt il ocist mes de treis cenz / J  us (est) ci fait remembrenz .


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Scruffy appearance, with three holes affecting f. 58.


Quire structure:Single bifolium.
Quire marks:
Catchword disposition:

Physical description

General illustration:none
General decoration:
Evidence of readership:
Foliations description:Numbered 58 and 59 in ink in the upper right corner of recto sides, in the same hand that foliated the rest of the manuscript.

Mise en page

Description 1Source: Jung 1996, 323.
Page sampledf. 58r
LayoutMSLayout object (4)
Page dimensions280x185 (mm)
Justification235x140 (mm)
mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (5)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom 58ra to 59r
Date?1225 to 1275
Scribe description:Copied in an angular, Anglo-Norman hand of the 13th c. It features two-compartment 'a' (with barely developed upper bow); 'i' ticks to avoid confusion with other minims; 'r' occasionally descending below the baseline; predominantly straight 's', but trailing 's' also occurs at the end of the line; both 'u' and 'v' in initial position; 2-shaped 'z' with a horizontal bar. Abbreviations include crossed tironian 'et' and 'est'.