Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 39

Le premier liure de orose (title in colophon)

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General information

LanguageLanguage object (3)
Approx. datec. 1480
Date notesDate taken from Luxury Bound; based on the activity of the illustrators involved in the production of the MS.
Place(s) of productionBruges
Luxury Bound; based on artists involved in the illustration of the MS.
First words of second recto folio[f. 2ra] Comment ysmael et sa mere en / [f. 16ra] Ne oncques p(ar) gellee p(ar) froidure ne /
First words of last recto folio[f. 282ra] sen vint a gra(n)t victoire de ih(e)r(usa)l(e)m /
Incipit[f. 1ra] Cy commence la table des Rubrices / de ce premier liure dorose . / P Remierement est co(n)tenu en ce liure le genesy de la / bible . Apres du roy nin(us) / [f. 15ra] QUant dieu le createur eut / fait le ciel et la terre et les / eaues doulces et sallees . /
Explicit[f. 282ra] Quant pompee fut lors uenu a ro(m) / me toutes les guerres furent abais / sees si comme eutropius racompte . Et ce fut lan .vjc iiiixx et xiiij que la / cite de romme auoit este fondee . / Cy fine le p(re)mier / liure de orose .


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Good quality vellum. In good condition.


Quire structure:The table of contents is copied in a quaternion followed by a ternion. This allows the text to start in a new quire. The following quires are mostly quaternions.
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (6)
MSQuiremarkDisposition object (75)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (18)

Physical description

General description:This is the first volume of a two-volume set. Paris, BnF fr. 40 has the 'Faits des Romains'.
No. of illustrations:20
General illustration:The text opens with a frontispiece which consists of a painting of Adam and Eve being exiled from Eden by the Archangel Michael, occupying half the page. Heraldry associated with Louis de Bruges, that is, coats of arms in the borders and his motto, has been overpainted with the coat of arms of France and the emblem of the Order of the Porcupine associated with Louis XII and the castle of Blois. Further illustrations include 19 single-column miniatures (height: c. 15 lines). The heraldry in the margins associated with these images (e.g. f. 41r) has also been overpainted with the coat of arms of France. On ff. 66v and 124r, however, we find the monograms of Louis of Bruges and his wife Margaret of Borselen. The borders on ff. 91v, 129v, and 163v feature Louis of Bruges' emblem, the cannon, and on ff. 144v and 263v we read his motto 'Plus est en vous'. According to Luxury Bound, the illustration was executed by Loyset Liédet and artists influenced by the Master of the Getty Froissart, the Master of the White Inscriptions, and the Master of Edward IV.
General decoration:The miniatures are preceded by a rubricated heading and followed by floreate initials (height: 4 lines), in blue, scarlet, and gold leaf. The borders accompanying these paintings are decorated with acanthus, quatrefeuilles in blue and pink, thistles, gold, and gold balls. Paragraphs are introduced by rubricated headings which are followed by champ initials (height: 2 lines). Litterae notabiliores in the text are highlighted with yellow ink.
Evidence of readership:Old shelfmarks f. 15r: '2', '6730', 'deux cens dixhuit'.
Foliations description:Contemporary foliation in roman numerals, written in red ink, in the top right corner of the recto.

Mise en page

Description 1
Page sampledf. 17r
Page dimensions474x330 (mm)
Justification310x220 (mm)
13mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (7) (RulingMaterials object (6) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (7) (RulingMaterials object (6) )
RubricationRed ink is used for rubricated headings and foliation.
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (7)
Folio rangeFrom f. 1ra to f. 282va
Datec. 1480
Scribe description:Elegant and well-executed littera cursiva bastarda, with single-compartment 'a', looped ascenders and 'f', and fat, long 's' descending below the baseline. Exuberant 'litterae elongatae' or cadels, some decorated with human masks (e.g. f. 9) at the top line.


DescriptionThe MS was produced for Louis of Bruges, lord of Gruuthuse, as suggested by the presence of his emblem (the cannon), his monogram and that of his wife Margaret of Borselen, and his motto, 'Plus est en vous'.
Datec. 1480
PlacePlace object (145)
OwnershipPerson object (18)
DescriptionLouis XII of France, as indicated by the coats of arms painted over those of Louis of Bruges, and by the emblem of the Order of the Porcupine (f. 15r).
Datec. 1500
PlacePlace object (146)
OwnershipPerson object (19)