London, British Library, Lansdowne 229

[Troie fragment]

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General information

Folio notes:Single folio used as a flyleaf in a paper volume compiled by William Camden in 1573.
LanguageLanguage object (48)
Approx. date?1275 to 1325
Date notes'XIVth cent.' (Ward 1883, I:61; cf. Woledge 1954, 131); 'fin du XIIIe si├Ęcle' (Vielliard 1988, 508; cf. Jung 1996, 499).
Place(s) of productionItaly
Hand 'de type italien' (Vielliard 1988, 508; cf. Jung 1996, 499).
First words of second recto folio
First words of last recto folio
Incipit[f. 164ra] ameruoilles furent bele gent : // Parmi le chastel sen passerent (et) regar- / derent sus (et) íus . riche gent í uírent / assez . (et) moult se prístrent garde enta- / píssaíge sauoir se il peussent de riens / greuer ceus dou chastel .
Explicit[f. 164vb] QUant Paris uínt au temple si ues / tuz (et) si atornez coume nos auons / deuant dit . lí murmures dou pueple / lieue (et) la nouele uíent amadame he- / layne quí estoit hautement assise/


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Good quality parchment. The ink has rubbed in places on the recto side, but most of the text remains legible.




Quire structure:Singleton.
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (18)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (12)

Physical description

General illustration:none
General decoration:Paragraphs are marked by pen-flourished initials (height: 2 lines), alternating red and blue (with decoration in the opposing colour). The initials are partly within the text column and partly in the margin.
Evidence of readership:In the margin of f. 164rb: 'heleyne'.
Foliations description:Numbered 164 in black ink in the upper right corner of the recto, some time after the rest of the MS was foliated.

Mise en page

Description 1
Page sampledf. 164r
LayoutMSLayout object (3)
Page dimensions301x216 (mm)
Justification213x164 (mm)
15mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (6) (RulingMaterials object (5) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (6) (RulingMaterials object (5) )
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (1)
Folio rangeFrom 164ra to 164vb
Date?1275 to 1325
Scribe description:A meticulously copied rotunda in black ink, with the following traits: single-compartment 'a' (open upper bow); 'h' with a limb barely descending below the baseline; 'i' often ticked; round 'r' after bows; straight and round 's' in final position; 'u' in initial position; dotted 'y' in proper nouns only; 3-shaped 'z'. Scarce abbreviations appear only at the end of lines. Tironian 'et' is uncrossed.