Rome, Biblioteca Casanatense, 233

Historia universalis (supplied title)

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General information

LanguageLanguage object (3)
Approx. datec. 1470
Date notes'vers 1470', on art historical grounds (van Buren-Hagopian 1996, 232); 'secondo metà del Quattrocento' (Palermi 2004, 245).
Place(s) of productionBruges, Flanders
'Centro scrittorio dei Duchi di Borgogna', on palaeographical and art historical grounds (Casanatense catalogue, II:30); 'France (Bourgogne)' (Jung 1996, 350).
Table of contents
First words of second recto folio[f. 2ra] aucuns plus longuement
First words of last recto folio[f. 426ra] voulsist yssir de la cíte
Incipit[f. 4ra] UOyant iadis / les anciens / lumaíne me / more estre la / bile . et la vie tresfraile et tres / brieue . parquirent et estudie- / rent lescripture non sans gra(n) / de paine et labeur , affin meis / mement que les choses de leurs / temps gestez et aduenuez qui / de memore estoient dignez ne / perissent ou euanouíssent des / lors .
Explicit[f. 426vb] ¶ Et adoncquez quant pom / peius fut reuenus en la cite de / romme furent telement toutez / les bataillez appaisíeez sicomme / eutropíus raconte quil nen estoit / nulle qui grantment leur fust / greuable par toutez les partiez / du monde .


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Very fine parchment, with the odd stitched tear (e.g. f. 10), and creasing due to the tightness of the binding.




Quire structure:Generally senions. The end of the table (ff. 28-9) is a bifolium. Quire 4 is wanting its first leaf (the first folio of the text proper), and the third leaf of quire 23 is also missing.
Quire marks:
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (4)

Physical description

No. of illustrations:11
General illustration:Two half-page miniatures in colour (ff. 147r and 172r), and nine grisailles (height: 9 to 12 lines), on ff. 86v, 110r, 115v, 142r, 205v, 297r, 325r, 361v, 391r. For further details, see the Casanatense catalogue, III:29. On the attribution to Loyset Liédet (or his atelier), see Di Domenico 1959 and van Buren-Hagopian 1996, 232.
General decoration:The prologue opens on f. 4r with an illuminated initial (height: 4 lines), incorporating an unexecuted shield, with a rich floral border. Other major divisions are similarly marked by decorated initials and borders. Chapters are marked by champ initials (height: 2 lines) in gold, red and blue. Champ paraphs mark the start of paragraphs. Chapter headings and numbers are rubricated. Majuscules are highlighted, and line-fillers (bars and flowers) are present in gold, red and blue.
Evidence of readership:On f. 426v, beneath the explicit, in a hand contemporary to that of the copyist: 'La toute <vostre> / vostre Jossíne de bríade / la toute votre fransoise / de Wínnízele'. On f. 427r, in the same hand: 'de alle uwe fransoíse / van Wínnízele'.
Foliations description:Two foliations, both defective: one printed in the lower right of recto sides; the other in pencil in the upper right of recto sides (the latter followed here).

Mise en page

Description 1
Page sampledf. 41r
LayoutMSLayout object (3)
Page dimensions421x305 (mm)
Justification282x181 (mm)
mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (1) (RulingMaterials object (1) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (1) (RulingMaterials object (1) )
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (3)
ScriptScript object (7)
Folio rangeFrom 1 to 426
Datec. 1470
Scribe description:Bastard script, with various forms of looped and loopless 'd', 'g' with a single horn, round 'r' and majuscule 'R' in initial position, round 's' with an angular 3-shaped second stroke. The few abbreviations that occur are restricted to the end of the line.