Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Reginense Latino 727

Li livre de l'ystoire du Saint Graal et de Tristan (supplied)

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General information

Folio notes:ff. 393v-394v are blank.
LanguageLanguage object (3)
Approx. date?1300 to 1325
Date notes'Commencement du XIVe siècle' (Langlois 1889, 36). 'Fin du XIIIe siècle' (Løseth 1924, 3; cf. O'Gorman 1963, 18). 'Sec. XIIIex o XIVin' (Cigni 2012, 261). Early 14th c. more likely on palaeographical grounds.
Place(s) of production
'Italia o Francia?' (Cigni 2012, 261). Northern France on palaeographical grounds.
First words of second recto folio[f. 2ra] desus . et lauoit estraínt si ferment que a- /
First words of last recto folio[f. 393ra] Quant palamedes entent ce si est sí
Incipit[f. 1ra] A // APres ce que íaí leu et pour / leu et porueu , par maíntes / foís . le grant líure de latín / Celuí meísmes qui deuíse a- / pertement lestoíre dou saínt graal . Mout / mesmeruel que aucuns preudoms ne vie(n)t / aua(n)t quí emprai(n)gne a translater le latín / en francoís .
Explicit[f. 393rb] Quant gau / uaíns les vit . si sot que il estoíent cou //


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Very good parchment, with a few small holes and sewn tears restricted to the margins (e.g. ff. 3, 36, etc.). Folio 1r is particularly worn, but the text remains legible. Though the margins remain capacious, the volume has evidently been trimmed considerably.



1-2212 2324-3312 344

Quire structure:Regular sexternions, except for quire 23 (a ternion) and the final quire (a ternion wanting its 5th and 6th leaves).
Quire marks:
Catchword disposition:

Physical description

General illustration:
General decoration:The volume opens with a large puzzle initial in red and blue (height: 12 lines) on f. 1ra, in the space probably intended for a miniature (another initial 'A', 4 lines in height, immediately follows). Chapters are marked by puzzle initials (height: 6 to 11 lines, typically 9), with particularly tight penwork, accompanied by partial bar borders in red and blue. Paragraphs are marked by pen-flourished initials (height: 2 lines), alternating red and blue (with decoration in the opposing colour). The stanzas of lais begin with pen-flourished initials (height: 2 lines) or plain initials (height: 1 line), alternating red and blue. Guide letters are visible beneath the decoration.
Evidence of readership:Signed in the lower margin of f. 1r by Alexandre Petau (dated 1645). He has also supplied a title in the upper margin. The lower margin of f. 2v is signed by Nicolas de Nicolay. The beginning of the final (defective) chapter on f. 393rb has been crossed out in brown ink. Supplied titles on f. 394v in 15th-c. (?) cursive: 'Cest li liure de lystoire du saint greal / et de tristan'; and 'Cest le co(m)ma(n)ceme(n)t de / la nativite de tristan'.
Foliations description:Roman numerals in red ink in the upper right of recto sides, running 'j' to 'cccxciij', contemporaneous to the production of the manuscript. Folio 394 was numbered 'CCCXCIIII' in pencil by a later hand.

Mise en page

Description 1The ruling is generally very faint. Riddles and lais are copied as verse (ff. 19r-21v, 24v, 192r-193r, etc.).
Page sampledf. 84r
LayoutMSLayout object (3)
Page dimensions330x250 (mm)
Justification236x159 (mm)
19mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (5) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (5) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom 1ra to 393rb
Date?1300 to 1349
Scribe description:Meticulously copied textualis, displaying the following traits: two-compartment 'a' (closed upper bow); ascenders with some serifs; chiefly round 's' in final position; 't' with a vertical hairline descending from the cross-stroke in final position; chiefly 'v' in initial position; dotted 'y'; 3-shaped 'z'; tironian 'et' with bar. Other abbreviations include nasal bars, '-us', and 'con'/'com'.


DescriptionSigned 'Nicollas daruilles' on f. 2v.
Date?1530 to 1583
PlacePlace object (1)
OwnershipPerson object (85)