London, British Library, Additional 10294

[Part 1]

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General information

Folio notes:For reasons of conservation, in 1860 the opening folio has been bound seperately with the opening folio of Additional 10294 in Additional 10293/4.
LanguageLanguage object (44)
Approx. datec. 1317
Date notesOn the basis of the date in February 1316 (Easter style) inscribed on the tomb depicted in the miniature on f. 55v in volume I of the manuscript. The hand (writing a Northern textualis with double-compartment 'a' the upper compartment of which is closed, type double bow 'a' and round 's' in final position) allows for a dating in the first quarter of the fourteenth century.
Place(s) of productionNorthern France
Based on linguistic and art-historical evidence. Stones 2013, 65; 70 associates the artists involved in its production with Tournai, Liege or Luxembourg (Douce 5 artist) and Saint-Omer (Master of M. 754 / Add 36684). Meuwese 1999 adds to this that the location of the manuscripts produced by this atelier in Picardy is corroborated by a reference to Picardy in a rubric in Amsterdam; vol. 2, f. 89r.
First words of second recto folioThe first folio is kept seperately.[f. 2ra] toucera de si pres q(ue) v(ous) ne la vol / [f. 3ra] dist as pl(us) hautes dames q(ui) od lui /
First words of last recto folio[f. 96ra] ENsi sen parti li rois bohors /
Incipit[f. 2ra] toucera de si pres q(ue) v(ous) ne la vol / dries auoit baillie por .j. chas / tel . sire fait mesire G(auvain) ie ne(n) / p(us) mais . se ien deusse morir si / le feisse ie por la volente mo(n) / oncle aco(m)plit . Q(ua)nt li rois ot / ceste p(ar)ole . si se repent de ce q(ue) me / sire G(auvain) a fait [...] /
Explicit[f. 96va] ENsi sen ala li rois bohors to(us) / ?s?els auoec larceuesque (et) / auoec blyobleris : (et) vsa auoec els / le remanant de sa vie por lamor / de n(ost)re seignor . Si se taist ore / maistre gautiers map de lestoi / re de Lanc(elos) . Car b(ie)n la toute me / nee a fin se lonc les choses / que en auindrent (et) define ensi sen / liure si outreement que apres / che nen poroit nus raconter / chose quile ne mentist . //  Explicit de la mort le roi / artu . /


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Fair quality vellum. Generally in good condition. Folios 95 and 96 stained (spill of liquid?).



17 (ff. 2-8), 28 (ff. 9-16), 38 (ff. 17-24), 48 (ff. 25-32), 58 (ff. 33-40), 68 (ff. 41-48), 78 (ff. 49-56), 88 (ff. 57-64), 98 (ff. 65-72), 108 (ff. 73-80), 118 (ff. 81-88), 128 (ff. 89-96).

Quire structure:The manuscript is built of regular quaternions. The first quire is irregular because in 1860 the frontispiece has been removed for reasons of conservation.
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (21)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (20)

Physical description

General description:Add. 10294: Queste, Mort Artu Queste: ff. 1-53 col. b line 13 (S VI 3-199; [Pauphilet]). No opening rubric. Text inc. A la veille de pentecoste... (S VI.3.1; [Pauphilet 1.2]). Expl. Qvant il ot mangie li rois / fist venir les clers qui me / toient en estrit les auentures as / ch(eualie)rs de laiens . Et q(ua)nt boh(ors) ot (con)te / es les auentures del graal teles / (com)me il les auoit veues : si furent / [f. 53rb] mises en escrit (et) gardes en labe / ie de salesbieres dont maistre / gautiers map lez traist a faire / son liure del s(aint) graal por lamor / del roi henri son signor qui fist / lestoire translater du latin en / franchois. Si se taist atant li / contes que plus nen dist des auentures del s(aint) graal. (rubric) Ensi que li roy artu en / quiert a mon signeur Gauuain q(ua)ns / ch(evalie)rs il auoit ochis en lenqueste. (single column miniature) Apres che que maistres / gautiers map ot trai / tie des auentures del s(aint) graal asses souffi / saument si (com)me il fu auis al roi / henri son signor que ce quil auoit / fait ne deuoit pas souffire sil ne / racontoit la fin de chaus dont il / auoit deuant fait mention (com)ment / li rois artus fu maures en la ba / taille de salesbieres (et) (com)ment il /
No. of illustrations:62
General illustration:The number of illustrations is quoted after Stones 2010. This volume has been illustrated by one painter, identified by Stones 2013, 65 as the Douce 5 artist (also the main illustrator of the Olim Amsterdam-Douce-Rylands and Royal 14 E III manuscripts. Miniatures have the width of a single column and have an average height of eight to ten lines. The images have been framed in borders of pink/scarlet, and blue ink decorated with white flourishings (bars of the same colour have been positioned directly opposite of one another). As in the other volumes, miniatures are generally (but not always, e.g. f. 44vc) preceded by rubricated captions and followed by champ initials (height: 3-6 lines) on fields of blue and scarlet, decorated with white flourishings. In one isolated case in this volume (e.g. f. 53rc) one of these initials also occurs without preceding miniature. Instructions for the artist in the margin. Erased; generally more elaborate than the rubricated captions (e.g. f. 35vc, 58v.).
General decoration:The text is further structured by means of pen-decorated initials (height: 2 to 3 lines), alternating between red and blue, with flourishings in the contrasting colour. Additionally, each column is bordered to the left with j-borders in blue and red ink, emanating from the initials. The style of these borders is the same as in the second part of Additional 10293 (f. 200r and following.
Evidence of readership:f. 53r, upper margin, modern hand 'fin du sangreal f. 96v, 15th c. hand, il y a vic iiij [xx] (et) xvj fueillez. Add. 10292: 216 ff. Add. 10293: 383 ff. Add. 10294: 96 ff. Add. 10292-94: 695 ff.
Foliations description:Modern foliation in arabic numerals in the upper right corner of the recto.

Mise en page

Description 1Horizontal throughlines at the top and bottom of the justification.
Page sampledf. 12r
Page dimensions405x295 (mm)
Justification295x225 (mm)
14mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
RubricationRed ink is used for decorated initials and rubricated captions.
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom f. 2ra to f. 96va
Datec. 1317
Scribe description:Northern textualis with two-compartment 'a', the upper compartment of which is closed, type double bow 'a'. Ascenders forked or clubbed. Round 'd'. Tongued 'e' in final position. Lower lobe of 'g' closed, standing on the baseline. Limb of 'h' usually ends in a curl curving to the right. I-longa used in numerals. First minims of 'm' and 'n' often have a praescissus character, as do the descenders of 'p' and 'q'. Exclusive use of round 's' in final position, mostly 8-like in form. Use of 'v' in initial position. Abbreviations include crossed tironian note, 'p' with crossed descender, nasal bar, apostrophe, 'com' and 'us' abbreviation, superscript vowels. Many instances of biting 'or', 'de', 'po', 'pa', 'pr' 'll' ligature.
NotesThis is not one of the hands of Manchester-Douce. This is not the same scribe as the one in the final part of Additional 10293.