Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 104

Livre dou Bret (explicit)

General information

LanguageLanguage object (46)
Approx. date?1275 to 1300
Date notesBased on the script. Northern textualis with double compartment 'a', the upper compartment of which is open. Both straight and round 's' occur in final position.
Place(s) of productionNorthern France
Based on the style of the decorated initials. The language may point towards an eastern provenance, e.g. Burgundy or Lorraine ('lou'; 'soignour').
First words of second recto folio[f. 2ra] et pense que il la prendra a feme . Ca il nen au- /
First words of last recto folio[f. 344ra] a la tauble reonde . biaux soignours /
Incipit[f. 1ra] uoluntez de l??in??de et landemain quant il fut aiornez il demanda a ces deso(n) ostel se il auoient apris nouelles de sa / doht . (et) il respodere(n)t . Sire encore nen auo(n)s nous rien / o / si . ca m(ou)lt nous torne agrant meruoille quil demore ta(n)t / (et) cuido(n)s b(ie)n que ce ne soit mie senz achoison . vous poez / b(ie)n voir dire fet nabuzardan . (et) pour ce vuel ie que v(ous) / partez tuit decans (et) vous en alez en la forest (et) cerchi / ez tant amont (et) aual que vous le trusiez (et) il le fi / rent tuit ensuiy (com)me il lour (com)manda /
Explicit[f. 344vb] Au define??m...?? de cestui mien / liure rent ie graces (et) merci / a nostre soi(n)gnor ihesucrit lou cre / ator dou ciel (et) de la terre de ce que il / mai done sens (et) ententement et / force (et) pouoir definer si honorau / blement et si ordeneement que a / chascun gentill ho(m)me si enten / tiuement lescoutent lire cestui liure / que lai fine plaist (et) plairai tant co(m) / me li mondes du??...??rai li quex est ape / lez li liures dou bret . Explicit li liures dou bret . amen .


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Medium to lower quality vellum with many holes (e.g. ff. 13, 35, 226, and 227) and stitches (e.g. ff. 42 and 55). The manuscript is worn, especially the folios at the end of the codex. Given that quire 6 is marked 'n' it is probable that at least eight quires have been lost at the beginning of the manuscript. Additionally, one folio is missing before f. 1. The lower margin of f. 10 has been torn, f. 14 is stained; ff. 86 and 87 are torn. One folio has been torn out between ff. 121 and 122. One folio is missing before f. 133. All the margins of f. 225 have been trimmed away. The lower margin of f. 234 has been trimmed. Folio(s) missing between ff. 273 and 274 and between ff. 329 and 330. Folios 337, 343, and 344 have been mutilated. An error has occurred in the order of the folios in the penultimate quire.



1210 3-710 89-1210 131410 1516-2010 2122-2610 272810 2930-3210 3334-3610 37386

Quire structure:Catchwords still visible on ff. 47v, 83v, 93v, 122v, 132v, 145v, 155v, 165v, 175v, 185v, 194, 204v, 214v, 224v, 244v, 246v, and 256v. 1. ff. 1-9; 2. ff. 10-19; 3. ff. 20-27; 4. ff. 28-37; 5. ff. 38-47; 6. 'n' ff. 48-57; 7. 'o' ff. 58-67; 8. 'p' ff. 68- 73; 9. 'q' ff. 74-83 'c'; 10. 'phi' ff. 84-93; 11. ff. 94-103; 12. ff. 104-13; 13. ff. 114-22 (lacuna between ff. 121 and 122); 14. ff. 123-32; 15. ff. 133-36; 16. ff. 137-45 (one folio missing) (andrer) not catchword!; 17. ff. 146-55 (andrer); 18. ff. 156-65 (andres); 19. ff. 166-75 (andres); 20. ff. 176-85; 21. ff. 186-94; 22. ff. 195-204; 23. ff. 205-14; 24. ff. 215-24; 25. ff. 225-34; 26. ff. 235-44; 27. ff. 245-46; 28. ff. 247-56; 29. ff. 257-63; 30. ff. 264-73; 31. ff. 274-83; 32. ff. 284-93; 33. ff. 294-99; 34. ff. 300-09; 35. ff. 310-19; 36. ff. 320-29; lacuna; 37. ff. 330-38; 38. ff. 339-44 (f. 338 should be placed between ff. 336 and 337).
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (44)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (13)

Physical description

General description:f. 137vb: 'Explicit li premiers livres de tristan'; after which there is a textual lacuna. The next folio begins mid-sentence 'mout auoit [etc.]'. f. 263vb: [added in a later hand] 'Explicit le second liure / de tristans'.
General illustration:
General decoration:Major subivisions are indicated by large decorated initials (height: 6-7 lines), gilt, the eye alternating between blue or scarlet on a field of the contrasting colour, decorated with white flourishings. The text is further subdivided by means of pen-decorated initials (height: 2 lines), alternating between red and blue with flourishings in the contrasting colour.
Evidence of readership:f. 1r: old shelfmarks '2996' and 'Regius 6776'. f. 12rb: crosses in the margin and underlined passage 'que il uit uenir uers / lui le roi pelias il se dresce contre lui en es / tant et prent sespee et dit au roy . Vassauz / fet il arrestez uous assez auez aule .' and 'et li iaianz li redit adonc . uassaux / uous estes morz se uous dune deuinaille'. f. 23v: scribbles in the lower margin. f. 52v: scribbles in the lower margin. f. 131r: scribbles in the lower margin. f. 177r: annotation in the margin f. 220: annotation in the upper outer corner 'Agnel' (from the d'Agnel-de Bourbon family?). f. 241v: signature in the lower margin '??J?? Dahis'. f. 251r: tiny drawing of a female head in the margin. f. 263vb: added in a later hand 'Explicit le second liure / de tristans'. f. 344vb: added under the explicit in large (early 14th-c.?) script 'france na q(ue) .I.'. Added at the bottom of the page in a later (17th-c.?) hand 'Le Roman de Tristan'. Another (15th-c?) annotation in the b-column, illegible.
Foliations description:Modern foliation in arabic numerals in the upper right corner of the recto.

Mise en page

Description 1
Page sampledf. 7r
LayoutMSLayout object (3)
Page dimensions380x265 (mm)
Justification283x195 (mm)
22mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom f. 1ra to f. 344vb
Datec. 1275 to 1300
Scribe description:Northern textualis with double-compartment 'a', the upper compartment of which is open. The letters 'b', 'h' and 'l' have forked ascenders. The ascender of 'd' curves slightly towards the right. The limb of 'h' descends below the baseline and curls to the right. Both straight and round 's' occur in final position. Use of 'v' in initial position. Abbreviations include nasal bar, also used for 'q(ue)', apostrophe, 'com-' and '-us' abbreviations, 'p' with crossed descender, crossed tironian 'et'. Many fusions, including 'ci', 'co', 'de', 'dr'. 'po', 'pe', 'oc', 'or', and 'ti', 'st' ligature. Multiple scribes. The scribe taking over at f. 10 rarely uses round 's' in final position and is inclined to use 'u' also for 'v' in initial position.