Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, nouv. acq. françaises 4380

[Part 1]

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General information

LanguageLanguage object (3)
Approx. datec. 1250 to 1300
Date notesThe Lancelot-Graal project suggests c. 1225 to 1250. The script (two-compartment 'a' with open upper compartment, some instances of closed upper compartment, exclusive use of round 's' in final position and use of 'v' in initial position) could point towards a later dating towards the end of the century.
Place(s) of productionNorthern France
Place suggested by the Lancelot-Graal project.
First words of second recto folio[f. 2ra] pechie de la reine autresi come /
First words of last recto folio[f. 120ra] paulluee il imetent ke cors de lanc(elos) /
Incipit[f. 1ra] Apres ce q(ue) mai / stres gautiers / map ot traitie / des auentures / dou graal assez / souffisamment / si come il li sambloit . si fu a / uis a u roi henri son seignor / q(ue) ce q(ue) il auoit fait ne deuoit / pas soufire . se il ne racontoit / la fin de cels dont il auoit de / uant faite me(n)cion . (et) coment / cil morurent  [...] /
Explicit[f. 120va] les choses quien uindrent (et) fe / nist ici son liure si outreelme(n)t / que apres ce nen porroit ?....? / [...] en mentist de to / [...] [the last folio is mutilated]


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Medium to lower quality vellum with holes (ff. 39, 43, 47, 55, 113, 117, 118), stitches (ff. 15, 30, 39, 47, 60, 106), also in the writing space. Some instances where the edge of the skin coincides with that of the leaf (ff. 30, 89). Generally in fair condition. The first folio is badly worn. The last folio (f. 120) is mutilated. The lower outer corner has been torn.



1-88 96 10-158 162

Quire structure:The majority of the quires in the manuscript are quaternions. Quire 9 (f. 65 to f. 70) is a ternion. The final quire (f. 119 and f. 120) is a binion consisting of a single bifolium.
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (21)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (12)

Physical description

General illustration:Unillustrated.
General decoration:The manuscript opens with a large pen-decorated puzzle initial (height: 6 lines). Major subdivisions are indicated by smaller puzzle initials (height: 3 lines). The text is further subdivided by means of plain initials (height: 2 lines) alternatingly blue and red.
Evidence of readership:Annotations, for the most part illegible or faded on ff. 1r ('Pertinet ?.?no ?arti?army', old shelfmark 'R 7664'), 87r, 89r, 120v ''Anno d(omi)n(i) millesimo [...]'. 15th-c. notes on the pastedown at the end of the MS 'Tant mag?.?el' 'Iste liber est ame qui (scribbles) joannes de a?...?. Other notes possibly referring to members of the Artois (?) family 'franconis', 'iste liber est mei?.?s ?Je? a?nn?y de a?rtys?'
Foliations description:Foliation in roman numerals in the upper right corner of the recto, sometimes trimmed. Modern foliation in arabic numerals in the upper right corner of the recto where the roman numerals have been cut.

Mise en page

Description 1
Page sampledf. 43
Page dimensions234x155 (mm)
Justification175x115 (mm)
10mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom f. 1ra to f. 120ra
Datec. 1250 to 1300
Scribe description:Two-compartment 'a' with open upper compartment; some instances of closed upper compartment; falling 'd' at the beginning of the line; tongued 'e'; 'g' with small lower lobe descending below the baseline; limb of 'h' descends slightly below the baseline; no diacritic on 'i'; 'l' with clubbed ascender; descender of 'p' and 'q' curves slightly to the right; round 's' in final position; use of trailing 's' at the end of the line; use of 'v' in initial position; 3-like z. Use of 'st'-ligature; fusion of 'or', 'dr', 'de'; abbreviations include nasal mark, also used for q(ue), apostrophe, superscript vowel, uncrossed tironian 'et', 'com'-abbreviation; 'p' with crossed descender.