Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 1590

[Part 1]

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General information

Folio notes:Quires have been rebound in the wrong order. The original order is 2-1-3-4-5. Quires lost before and after 2. Quire (also including 'Prise' and 'Voyage'?) lost after 1. 1: f. 1ra to f. 42vb: III, 64 to III, 443 2: f. 43va to f. 74vb: I, 56 to II, beta 110 3: f. 75ra to f. 84rb: IV, 2 to IV, 74 4: f. 85va to 95va: Vengeance (Jean le Nevelon) 5: f. 96ra to 145va: Voeux du Paon
LanguageLanguage object (43)
Approx. datec. 1315 to 1350
Date notesIllustrated by Thomas de Maubeuge; terminus postquem: the composition of the 'Voeux du Paon'.
Place(s) of productionParis
Attributed to the workshop of Thomas de Maubeuge.
First words of second recto folio[f. 4ra] (et)  se doubla encroiz
First words of last recto folio[f. 145ra] C  ar ?...? mieudre de lui
Incipit[f. 3ra] A  insi (com) lanuit vint si dep(ar)t la meslee / (et)  chascune des bestes est a so(n) lit alee / (et)  sencor i eust de ior vne liuee / T  oute sen alast lost (con)fondue (et) matee /
Explicit[f. 145va] [damaged] [...] lempoisonna / [...] q(ua)nt il si tost fina / [...] de siecle (com)menca / [...] ne iamez ne naistra //


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Medium to lower quality parchment with many stitches, also in the writing space (e.g. f. 4, f. 13, f. 28, f. 38, f. 39, f. 41, f. 61, f. 63, f. 72, f. 75, f. 80, f. 85, f. 89, f. 111, f. 114, f. 126 ). Not all folios are of equal size (e.g. f. 76). On some folios the text is faded (e.g. f. 29, f. 31). Damaged folios: f. 120 mutilated; f. 64 mutilated (outer border repaired), f. 143 mutilated (outer upper corner repaired); f. 145 mutilated.




Quire structure:Quiremarks and catchwords have been erased or trimmed. The manuscript is too tightly bound to establish the quire structure. The folios between f. 43ra and 74vb (fragment 2) are probably organised in four quaternions. Quires have been lost before (I, 1-I,56) and after (II, 110beta-III, 64). One or more quires have been lost after fragment 1 (f. 1ra to f. 42vb,. III, 443 to IV, 2; including 'Prise de Defur' and 'Voyage au Paradis Terrestre'?).
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (21)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (12)

Physical description

General description:Transcription sample: f. 16rb
No. of illustrations:23
General illustration:Single-column illustrations (height: 10 lines) in a frame composed of scarlet and blue bars with white flourishings. Background decorated with goldleaf. The images are followed by decorated initials (height: 3 lines), blue or scarlet on a field of the contrasting colour, the ey decorated with branches on a gilt background. The initials extend into decorative borders consisting of blue and scarlet baguettes, decorated with white flourishings ending in vine. Stones attributes the illustration to the workshop of Thomas de Maubeuge. Illustrations on f. 6ra (III, 101), f. 10vb (III, 148), f. 14rb (III,172), f. 16ra (III, 189), f. 19va (III, 215), f. 24v (III, 258), f. 27rb (III, 281), f. 33va (III, 352), f. 38va (III, 404), f. 45ra (I, 65), f. 47vb (I, 105), f. 50ra (I, 115), f. 55va (II, 1), f. 63va (II, 39), f. 65va (II, two stanzas before II, 72), f. 72va (II, 64), f. 78vb (IV, 45), f. 79vb (IV, two stanzas after IV, 49; versions differs from that in the armstrong edition up to IV, 53). The 'Roman d'Alexandre' ends with 'Expliciunt les regres dalixandre' (f. 85vb). On f. 85va, the 'Vengeance' of Jean le Nevelon opens with a frontispiece with a miniature and large initial (height: 6 lines). Single-column miniature at f. 88vb before 'Sire dit thol(omer) , m(ou)lt est g(ra)ns la citez'; The 'Vengeance' ends with 'explicit la vengance du bon roi alix(andre)' (f. 95va). On f. 96ra, the 'Voeux du Paon' opens with a frontispiece with miniature and large initial (height: 4 lines). Single-column miniature (f. 112vb) at 'Au pe de la g(ra)nt tor dessouz .i. pui ramu' shows the game of chess; (f. 120 ra) at 'ce fu el may quivers vet a declin ' shows the siege of a city.
General decoration:The text is further structured by plain initials (height: 2 lines), alternating between blue and red.
Evidence of readership:Many annotations on the parchment flyleaves, mentioning 'Nicolas Fontaine'; 'Rideau'; 'Jehan'; 'Nicolaie Leplat'; 'Nicolas Rideau, marchant'. Most of the annotations in the manuscript appear to have been written by the latter, who apparently owned the book at the beginning of the seventeenth century (mention of the year 1608 in an ex-libris on one of the vellum flyleaves at the rear of the manuscript. f. 3r: old shelfmark '7611' Annotations in the upper and the lower margin. f. 4r: annotation in the lower margin f. 5r: annotation in the lower margin (17th c?) 'Ce presan liure appartien a nicolas rideau' f. 8r: annotation in the lower margin: 'nicolas' f. 10r: annotations in the lower margin 'monsieur' and scribbles. f. 11r: annotation in the lower margin: 'Nicooo' f. 11v: scribbles in the lower margin f. 12r: scribbles in the lower margin f. 13v: scribbles in the lower margin f. 14r: annotation in the lower margin: 'Rideau' f. 16r: annotation in the lower margin: 'Nicolas Rideau' f. 23v: annotation in the lower margin f. 24r: annotation in the lower margin 'pour nauoir rien ?..? na faut point de bource pour la neste de dame' f. 25r: annotation in the upper margin 'A tous ceux qui ses presant lestre veront salut sauoir pour ne rien trouuer ' 'bonne et sage renommme vaute mieux ?qui? na saint?..? dore' Annotation in the lower magin: 'Rideau nicolas Rideau' f. 26r: annotation in the lower margin: '...' f. 35r: in the intermargin: 'AP' f. 43r: in the lower margin: drawing of a flower. f. 62r: scribble in the lower margin. f. 105v: scribbles in the lower margin.
Foliations description:Modern foliation in arabic numerals in the upper right corner of the recto.

Mise en page

Description 1Separate column for the majuscule letters at the beginning of the verseline.
Page sampledf. 10r
Page dimensions295x217 (mm)
Justification245x185 (mm)
10mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
RubricationRed ink is only used for the plain initials.
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom f. 3ra to f. 95vb
Datec. 1300 to 1350
Scribe description:Multiple hands. Northern textualis with two-compartment a, sometimes also single-compartment 'a' (semitextualis). 'I'-linga in final position. Limb of 'h' curls below the baseline. In final position the limb of 'n' curls below the baseline. Straight 's' in final position. Use of 'v' in initial position. 3-like 'z'. Abbreviations include 's'-like apostrophe, nasal bar, superscript vowels, 'p' with crossed descender, 'p' with curl through descender, 'com'-abbreviation; -'us' abbreviation.

Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom f. 96ra to f. 145va
Datec. 1300 to 1350
Scribe description:The hand copying the 'Voeux du Paon' also has round 's' in final position.