The Hague, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, 75 G 68

[Part 1]

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General information

LanguageLanguage object (44)
Approx. datec. 1275 to 1300
Date notes'Fin du XIIIe si├Ęcle' (Jung 1996, 313). This is confirmed by the script which combines straight and round 's' in final position with a double-compartment 'a' with open upper compartment.
Place(s) of productionNorthern France
Based on linguistic characteristics.
First words of second recto folio[f. 2ra] N  e ki aient itant (con)quis
First words of last recto folio[f. 34ra] A  v trenchant de lespee nue
Incipit[f. 1ra] P  ar ses pourcas et par ses dis / S  i ke raconte li escris / S  ont li damaige (et) li (con)traire / d  ont vous ?nides? apres retraire / A  perte ala nataria plus 
Explicit[f. 34vb] E  sprees t(re)nchans retentissent / S  ont les haub(er)s ki retentissent / B  ie?n? ont resvigoirre les lour


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:The manuscript is in very bad shape with many stains (e.g. f. 23r), holes (e.g. f. 35) and tears (ff. 11-12). The lower corner of f. 1 has been torn, as well as the sides of many folios which have been either torn or cut (e.g. f. 32v). Particularly the second part of the manuscript (f. 35 to f. 61) has been pillaged for parchment. Stitch (f. 19)




Quire structure:The fifteenth-century foliation suggests that 17 folios have been lost at the front of the manuscript. This is corroborated by the quiremarks. Possibly three additional pages were lost since on f. 7v. the first quiremark is III. One of the preceding quires may have been a quinion. The next quiremark is on f. 17v. (IIII), which indicates that it was not abnormal to have quinions in this manuscript. Additional quiremarks are found on f. 24v (V) and on f. 32v (VI). In its current condition, the first quire is a quaternion, followed by a quinion, two quaterions and a bifolium. Given that the rhyme me maniere?.?t (f. 32v) / (con) faitement dans acilles (f. 33ra) is not correct, folios may have been lost here. Probably folios have also been lost between f. 33 and f. 34.
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (33)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (12)

Physical description

General illustration:none
General decoration:The text is structured by means of plain initials in red and blue. The alternation between blue and red letters is not always correct (even on the same folio). Crude decoration in the contrasting colour has been added, but again, this may have happened at a later stage. Particularly strange coloured initials f. 34r). The second part of the manuscript only has red, undecorated initials, in different letter forms. The letters in the majuscule column have been highlighted with red ink.
Evidence of readership:+ signs in the margins. Words underlined. f. 9v: 'eskez' repeating the first word of the verse-line. f. 14r: 'Ego dico vobys quod ego sien mean lecio?am? ?m?ee tu deus' (15th c.) f. 15r: 'Ce liure est hanoure lecurier'. f. 29v: annotation in the lower margin. f. 31v: annotation in the lower margin. f. 32r: annotation in the lower margin scraped.
Foliations description:Modern foliation in arabic numerals in the top right corner of the recto of the folio. Fifteenth-century foliation in roman numerals in the upper margin. Up until f. 13 (= xxx) on every page, than according to a note 'non plus que p(ar) disennes' f. xl = f. 24 f. l = f. 33?? f. lx = f. 37 f. lxx=f. 47 f. lxxx= f. 52

Mise en page

Description 1A seperate column has been ruled for the majuscule letters at the beginning of the verseline. Each verseline is concluded with a punctus at the end of the column. Apparently written above top line.
Page sampledf. 1r
Page dimensions223x165 (mm)
Justification165x137 (mm)
5mm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (5) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (5) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
RubricationRed ink is used for decorated initials and to highlight the majuscule letters at the beginning of the verseline.
Writing above top line?True
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom f. 1ra to f. 34vb
Scribe description:Northern textualis rotundus with double-compartment 'a' of which the upper lobe is not closed. 'e' with tongue. Distinctive and long diacritics on 'i'. Both straight and round 's' in final position. Use of 'v' in initial position. 't' with elongated horizontal stroke at the end of the line. Abbreviations include 's'-like apostrophe, -us and -com abbreviations, 'p' with crossed descender, superscript vowels. These features point towards the second half of the thirteenth century. The fact that the text has been copied above top line is peculiar.