Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 15094

[Part 1]

» Full parent manuscript detail

General information

LanguageLanguage object (3)
Approx. datec. 1275 to 1300
Date notesBusby: mid-13th century; Harf-Lancner: end 13th century. The script suggests a dating towards the end rather than the middle of the thirteenth century.
Place(s) of production{unspecified}
No specific linguistic evidence. Decoration is minimal, no illustration.
First words of second recto folio[f. 2r] D e qui se?n?s (et) proueche furent 
First words of last recto folio[f. 270r] C il qui tresor aura
Incipit[f. 1r] [first lines faded] [Q ui ...] / entendre et oir / dre bon example de [...] /
Explicit[f. 270v]


Material:Material object (4)
Condition:Fair quality to lower-grade parchment with relatively many holes (f. 24, f. 57, f. 91, f. 94, f. 105, f. 118. f. 142, f. 145, f. 165, f. 175, f. 176, f. 183, f. 211), some of which in the writing space and stitches (f. 30, f. 194, f. 222, f. 241, f. 254). The first lines of f. 1r have faded. Folds in the first quires. Folios 104 to 106, 143 to 146 and 153-154 have been damaged in the outer margin (torn, ratty?). Folio 179 has been torn, the first lines of the recto and verso remain. One additional folio has been torn between f. 269 and f. 270.



14 2-138 146 15-348 357

Quire structure:The first quire is a binion. The following quires are all quaternions, except for quire 14 which is a sexternion and quire 35, which is defective (one folio is missing between folios 270 and 271). The final quires of the manuscript were probably lost or damaged and were replaced in the fourteenth century. The addition also includes the 'Vengeance' of Guy de Cambrai.
Quire marks:MSQuiremarkDisposition object (29)
Catchword disposition:MSCatchwordDisposition object (12)

Physical description

General illustration:none
General decoration:The manuscript opens with a puzzle-initial (height: 5 lines). Additional major subdivisions by means of puzzle-initials (height: 8 lines) on f. 57r ('Fuerre de Gadres'), f. 92r, f. 111r. f. 119r, f. 159v, f. 192v, f. 213v and f. 244v ('Mort Alexandre'). The pen-flourished initials on f. 1v and f. 2r have been decorated with J-borders in blue and red. In general 'laisses' are indicated by plain initials (height: 2lines), alternatingly red and blue. Particular mask decorations by the scribe f. 6v, f. 49v.
Evidence of readership:f. 1r: annotation 'Gaignier' f. 7r: 15th c. annotation '?i?gra?u?a..' 'cose ?.?ear' drawing which has been scraped, hand still visible f. 8r: drawing which has been partially scraped 'baude?...?' f. 8v: probatio pennae in the marigin. majuscule letters 'n'. In the bottom margin 'omnis' f. 9r: 'not(a)' in the upper margin (laisse: 'Del cheual bucifal est alix. liez' f. 11r: in the right margin, large letters, scraped 'Pat[er] / nost[er]' f. 14r: faded inscriptions f. 42r: 'la nouelle conte vo' (copy of last line of the page) f. 48r: annotation in the right margin '?S?i?.?e f. 53r: annotation in the lower margin, last word 'd(us)', possibly another copy of the last line of the page f. 62v: in the lower margin crude drawing of a horse and a man. next to the horse is written '?l?ausibus' next to the man '?t/?chosas' f. 115r: ?.? ?.? a ?R/S?i?n/v?o?n/v?chie?r? f. 124r: crude drawing in the right margin of two figures (man and woman?) written above f(s?)ontane mu(n) ne / mi i?a? capia f. 125r: in the right margin 'dendon' f. 125v: in the lower margin 'A de?.?y de po?ie? f. 126r: illegible f. 128v: crude drawing of a one-eyed monster written above 'la file o?.? / la p?.? f. 131r: annotion in the lower margin, scraped f. 136r: annotation 15th c. 'toz iors' first words of the page f. 139r: scribbles in the lower margin f. 161r: 15th c. 'de grant ?...? est la d?..?' f f. 160v: lower margin, upside down: inema f. 170r: drawing of monster in right margin, above 'come?n?s qua cu ?.? onque f. 171r: scraped annotation Om plus he.s mon . / de [...] f. 195r: bottom margin, 14th c. hand, cursive 'l'an mil .ccc. lvj le Jour de la .S. luc eua(n)gelistie enuiron / midi et le soir enuiron le p(re)mier sonne trambla la t(er)re / a troys' f. 225r: 'apres' copy of first word f. 238r: in the left margin mark 'Hlo' (looped 'l') f. 241r: lower margin, crude drawing of a man and an animal (horse?)
Foliations description:Modern foliation in arabic numerals in the upper right-hand corner of the recto. F. 3 and f. 4 (contemporary?) pagination in roman numerals on the recto and verso in the outer corners of the upper margin. On f. 6 and f. 8 to f. 12, foliation in roman numerals in the lower margin.

Mise en page

Description 1Separate column for majuscules at the beginning of the verseline.
Page sampledf. 108r
Page dimensions195x130 (mm)
Justification155x90 (mm)
namm between columns
Column ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
Line ruling present in Colours object (4) (RulingMaterials object (3) )
RubricationRed ink is only used for the initials and decoration.
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:


Level of Execution:Execution object (4)
ScriptScript object (4)
Folio rangeFrom f. 1r to f. 270v
Date?1275 to 1300
Scribe description:Northern textualis rotundus with double-compartment a the upper lobe of which is open. Tongued 'e', especially marked at the end of the line. Both straight and 'round 's' in final position. Use of 'v' in initial position. Abbreviations include: apostrophe, also used for q(ue), com- and -us abbreviation, 'p' with crossed descender, superscript vowels, crossed tironian note.
NotesPossibly multiple, similar hands.